.td is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Chad (French: Tchad).
Background Information :
2007 estimate 10,780,600 (75th) - 1993 census 6,279,921 - Density 7.9/km2 (212th) 20.4/sq mi
(PPP) 2007 estimate - Total $15.841 billion - Per capita $1,668
Total 1,284,000 km2 (21st) 495,753 sq mi - Water (%) 1.9
International Dialling Code
CFA franc (XAF)
Republic - President Idriss DÈ¨by - Prime Minister Youssouf Saleh Abbas Independencefrom France - Date August 11, 1960
: "UnitȨ, Travail, Progrȿs" (French) "Unity, Work, Progress"
WAT (UTC+1) - Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+1) Chad (French: Tchad, Arabic: Û¬Û³ÛºÛ¯ÇÄ Tshýüd), officially known as the Republic of Chad, is a landlocked country in central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Ngeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west. Due to its distance from the sea and its largely desert climate, the country is sometimes referred to as the "Dead Heart of Africa". Chad is divided into three major geographical regions: a desert zone in the north, an arid Sahelian belt in the cente and a more fertile Sudanese savanna zone in the south. Lake Chad, after which the country is named, is the largest wetland in Chad and the second largest in Africa. Chad's highest peak is the Emi Koussi in the Sahara, and N'Djamena,(formerly Fort-Lamy), the capital, is the largest city. Chad is home to over 200 different ethnic and linguistic groups. Arabic and French are the official languages. Islam is the most widely practiced religion.
Beginning in the 7th millennium BC, human populations moved into the Chadian basin in great numbers. By the end of the 1st millennium BC, a series of states and empires rose and fell in Chad's Sahelian strip, each focused on controlling the trans-Saaran trade routes that passed through the region.
France conquered the territory by 1920 and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa. In 1960 Chad obtained independence under the leadership of FranÈºois Tombalbaye. Resentment towards his policies in the Muslim north culminated in the erption of a long-lasting civil war in 1965.
In 1979 the rebels conquered the capital and put an end to the south's hegemony. However, the rebel commanders fought amongst themselves until HissÈ¿ne HabrÈ¨ defeated his rivals. He was overthrown in 1990 by his general Idriss DÈ¨by. Recently, the Darfur crisis in Sudan has spilt over the border and destabilised the nation, with hundreds of thousands of Sudanese refugees living in and around camps in eastern Chad.
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