.ru is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the Russian Federation introduced on April 7, 1994.
The control of .ru is assigned to the Russian Institute for Public Networks (RIPN). However, since 14 March 2005 registry operations for registrations directly under .ru are being performed by RU-CENTER while RIPN carries out registry operations for third-level domain names under .com.ru, .net.ru, .org.ru & .pp.ru.
The company RELCOM also proposes third-level registrations beneath various second-level domains such as .msk.ru (Moscow), while Macomnet Telcom proposes third-level registrations beneath .int.ru simultaneously.
RU-CENTER also handles registrations for .su, the top-level domain of the Soviet Union, which was supposedly going to be phased out given the non-existence of the country it represents, but nevertheless has been accepting new registrations along with .ru; the legal status and ownership of .su is being contested by the ICANN (Russian Government), and several Russian commercial entities.
Background Information :
2008 estimate 142,008,838 (9th) - 2002 census 145,166,731 - Density 8.3/km2 (209th) 21.5/sq mi
(PPP) 2007 estimate - Total $2,089 trillion (7th) - Per capita $14,704 (52nd)
Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii (transliteration) State Anthem of the Russian Federation
Total 17,075,400 km2 (1st) 6,592,800 sq mi - Water (%) 13
International Dialling Code
79.8% Russian 3.8% Tatar 2.0% Ukrainian 1.2% Bashkir 1.1% Chuvash 12.1% others
Federal semi-presidential republic - President Dmitry Medvedev (Ind.) - Prime Minister Vladimir Putin (UR) - Chairman of the Federation Council Sergey Mironov (FR) - Chairman of the State Duma Boris Gryzlov (UR) Founded (862)Novgorodians invited prince Rurik to keep law and order, thus giving birth to the Rurik dynasty that ruled over all Russian lands throughout more than 700 years
Russian official throughout nation; twenty-seven others co-official in various regions
(UTC+2 to +12) - Summer (DST) (UTC+3 to +13) Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country extending over much of northern Eurasia. It is a semi-presidential republic comprising 83 federal subjects. Russia hares land borders with the following countries (counterclockwise from northwest to southeast): Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania (via Kaliningrad Oblast), Poland (via Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea, and is also close to the United States (Alaska) and Japan. It borders the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Caspian Sea, the Baltic Sea, and the Black Sea.
At 17,075,400 square kilometres (6,592,800 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than an eighth of the Earth's land area; with 142 million people, it is the ninth largest by population. It extends across the whole of nothern Asia and 40% of Europe, spanning 11 time zones and incorporating a great range of environments and landforms.
Russia has the world's greatest reserves of mineral and energy resources, and is considered an energy superpower. It has the world's largest forest reserves and its lakes contain approximately one-quarter of the world's unfrozen fresh water.
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