.de is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the Federal Republic of Germany. DENIC (the Network Information Centre responsible for .de domains) does not require specific second-level domains, as it is the case with the .uk domain range for example.
The name is based on the first two letters of the German name for Germany (Deutschland). Prior to 1989, East Germany had a separate ISO 3166-1 code (dd) but it was never assigned its own ccTLD; de is the only German ccTLD that ever existed.
.de is currently the second most popular ccTLD in terms of number of registrations, after .cn, and is third after .com and .cn among all TLDs.
The first point of registration for .de domains was at the Department of Computer Science of the University of Dortmund. uni-dortmund.de was among the first registered .de-domains.
.de registrations may be directly ordered from DENIC but it is faster and cheaper to do so via a DENIC member (registrar).
The domain name must have at least 3 letters and may not be exclusively composed of numbers. The only current known exceptions are db.de (Deutsche Bahn), ix.de, and hq.de which were registered before the three letter rule was adopted.
Registrations of internationalized domain names are also accepted so that all diacritics of German may be used.
In many romanic languages, e.g., Spanish, French, Romanian and Portuguese, "de" expresses the genitive of a noun (like "of" in English). This is exploited in domain registrations under the German TLD for romance language webhosts that offer customized sites, like elforo.de (theforum.of), cleverly encoding the site name into the URL path, such as elforo.de/wikipedia, meaning theforum.of/wikipedia.
Background Information :
Dec. 31, 2007 estimate 82,217,800 (14th) - Density 230/km2 (36th) 596/sq mi
(PPP) 2007 estimate - Total $2.812 trillion (5th) - Per capita $34,212 (21st)
third stanza of "Das Lied der Deutschen" (also called "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit")
Total 357,021 km2 (63rd) 137,847 sq mi - Water (%) 2.416
International Dialling Code
91% German 03% Turkish 06% other minorities
Federal Parliamentary republic - President Horst KÈµhler - Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) Formation - Holy Roman Empire 962 - German Empire 18 January 1871 - Federal Republic 23 May 1949 - Reunification 3 October 1990 EU
CET (UTC+1) - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: (helpÃ¸info), ), is a country in Central Europe and Danubian Europe. It is bordered to the north by the North Sea, Denmark, and the Baltic Sea;to the east by Poland and the Czech Republic; to the south by Austria and Switzerland; and to the west by France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The territory of Germany covers 357,021 square kilometers and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. With over 82 million inhabitants, it has the largest population of any member state of the European Union and is home to the third-largest number of international migrants worldwide.
A region named Germania inhabited by several Germanic peoples has been known and documented before 100 AD. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire that lasted until 1806. During the 16th centuy, northern Germany became the centre of the Protestant Reformation.
As a modern nation-state, the country was first unified amidst the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. In 1949, after World War II, Germany was divided into two separate states, East Germany and West Germany along the lines of Allied occupation. The two states were reunified in 1990. West Germany was a founding member of the European Community (EC) in 1957, which became the European Union in 1993. It is part of the borderless Schengen zone and adopted the European currency, the euro, in 1999.
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